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Acta Consilii Maioris (Decisions of the Major Council)

  • HR-DADU-02
  • Fonds
  • 1415-1808

The fonds contains the decisions of the Major Council, the supreme body of power, in which all male adult nobles were assembled. Although the Minor Council and the Senate eventually assumed certain responsibilities of the Major Council, the Major Council retained supreme authority until the fall of the Republic (1808). The Major Council passed regulations of a permanent nature (laws), had the last word in decision-making in the most important state affairs, granted pardon and amnesty, as well as elected the Rector, members of the Senate and the Minor Council, and other state officials.

The granting of Isaac Jeshurun’s appeal is most likely the only mention of Jewish people in this fonds. In 1622, Jeshurun ​​was accused of ritual murder of a girl and, during his interrogation, was subjected to torture. When the real killer was discovered, investigations into Jeshurun's alleged complicity in the murder continued. At the end of 1622, he was sentenced to 20 years in prison. In January 1625, the Senate accepted Jeshurun's petition for pardon and forwarded the petition to the Major Council, as this was the only authority that could make decisions on pardons. The record shows that all petitions or pardon would be presented every year before the Major Council, at a session that used to be held before Easter, on Wednesday, during the Holy Week. On March 26, 1625, the Major Council accepted Jeshurun's proposal to change his prison sentence to life-time exile from the Republic (vol. 34, ff. 200v, 201).

Office of the Secretary of the Dubrovnik Republic

Acta Gallica (French administration)

  • HR-DADU-76
  • Fonds
  • 1808-1814

The fonds is sorted by years and contains files and documents of the French authorities concerning finances, accounting, public health, maritime affairs, trade, military affairs, police matters, private and public construction work (especially road developments), management of food supplies, education, local administration, administration of state-owned property, taxes, courts, church matters and different aspects of cultural life.

The fonds is important for researching all aspects of the life of Ragusan Jews during the French administration between 1808 and 1814. At that time, the Jews of Dubrovnik were mostly involved in business affairs connected with trade and crafts. They participated in the purchase of food supplies for the area of Dubrovnik (mainly of cereals, salt, and oil (F XIX / 4, no. 3666). Archival data show that they were also active in monetary transactions (investing capital in ship construction and exporting raw materials such as wax, cotton, leather, and wool). Furthermore, thanks to the preserved archival material, it is possible to reconstruct the functioning of Jewish religious fraternities, synagogues, ghettos, and schools in the area. The fonds contains references to many Ragusan Jewish families such as Ambonetti, Ascoli, Costantini, Levi Mandolfo, Maestro, Pardo, Terni, Tolentino, Valenzin, Venturra predominate in the fonds.

French administration

Appellationes (Appeals to the Minor Council and the Senate)

  • HR-DADU-28
  • Fonds
  • 15th century - 18th century

The fonds contains appeals submitted to the Senate and the Minor Council. According to the data available in volumes 2, 3 and 5, the fonds contains data on appeals accepted by the Senate or the Minor Council. The judgments appealed were mainly in the field of civil law. Other volumes contain very brief information: the date of the decision of the Minor Council or the Senate, the names of the parties in the dispute to whose judgment has been appealed, and the names of judges (consuls) and other civil officials, such as customs officers, who issued the judgment on appeal. The volumes cover the period from the 40s till the 60s of the 15th centuries and from the mid-16th century to the 30s of the 18th century.

There is only a small number of Jews referenced in this fonds. These are mostly members of Jewish families permanently residing in Dubrovnik, such as Abendana, Abuaf, Altarac, Ambonetti, Cabiglio, Cohen, Cohen Camargo, Costantini, Danon, Esperiel, Ferro, Franco, Levi, Luzzena, Maestro, Nahmias, Oef, Pappo, Pardo (i.e., vol. 7, ff. 3v). No further details of verdicts and appeals that were submitted were recorded.

Office of the Secretary of the Dubrovnik Republic

Archivium Operum piarum (Foundation Opera Pia)

  • HR-DADU-50
  • Fonds
  • 14th century -19th century

The fonds consists of treasury journal and accounting books of the Foundation from the 14th to the 19th centuries. These documents contain data on calculations of income from principal invested in foreign banks; calculations of income from renting residential premises, business premises and land. They also contain books of expenditures and income and accounting books of individual foundations that were an integral part of the Foundation Opera pia. The fonds also contains books with official letters written by the state treasurers and legal representatives of the Cathedral to Dubrovnik consular and diplomatic representatives, agents and confidants in Italian and Ottoman cities and in Vienna (Copia lettere dei Signori Tesorieri e Procuratori di Santa Maria Maggiore). Primarily, the topics of these letters were financial investments in Italian and Viennese banks, or investments in the Venetian mint and companies in charge of customs leasing, or in charge of the purchase of expensive Italian fabrics and fragrant oils intended for diplomatic gifts to Ottoman dignitaries; financial transactions for the settlement of the tribute to the Ottoman sultan; and for slave redemption.

The fonds does not contain a large amount of data on Jews, but the data in the fonds primarily relate to the private and business lives of the Dubrovnik Jews, as well as to their cooperation with the authorities of the Republic. Part of the data can be found in the income books of the foundation, in which the revenue from renting apartments, business premises and land is stated. References to Jews can also be found in the books of maritime affairs (18th and 19th centuries). The books contain references to Ragusan Jewish families such as Ambonetti, Cittanova, Costantini, Janni, Levi Mandolfo, Maestro, Pardo, Russo, Tolentino, Valenzin (vols. 25, 58, 36, 111, 118, 119, 125, 134, 135). In these documents the Jewish community appears as a debtor for business premises (1811-1812) (vol. 135, index, letter S). Two volumes are particularly important for the research of business affairs of the Jewish population in Dubrovnik: vol 125 (Conti Marittimi del 1789; Arboracci, Divisioni e Rimese), which lists the co-owners of Dubrovnik ships and their co-ownership shares in the period from 1789 to 1794, and vol. 134 (Libro di Negotio del 1781) in which Salvator Levi Mandolfo and Benedict Volterra are repeatedly mentioned as traders in leather, wool, and rice (e.g., vol. 134, f. 29). One part of the data that provides the information about the Jews, which speaks of their cooperation with the state authorities, is found in the books that contain letters of the treasurers of the Cathedral to the agents and confidants of the Republic in Ancona. There are references to Jews in the 18th century, mostly to Aaron and Moshe, who were the sons of an eminent Dubrovnik merchant Raphael Coen. Reference is also made to Raphael's grandson Felix. Aaron, Moshe, and Felix lived in Ancona and performed various jobs for the Opera Pia Foundation (e.g., vol. 40, August 30, 1790).

Foundation Opera Pia

Assembleae et Consulatus maris; Assemblee e Consolato di mare (Maritime consulate)

  • HR-DADU-55
  • Fonds
  • 1629-1811

There are no references to Jewish people in the fonds.
The Maritime Consulate recorded statements about damage at sea caused by natural disasters, and attacks by pirates and corsairs. Testimonies were given by captains, crew members and passengers of both Dubrovnik and foreign ships, whose first port of call after the accident was Dubrovnik. Based on these statements, cases of a property-legal nature were resolved, primarily due to the need to collect maritime insurance. The fonds covers the period dating from the 20s of the 17th centuries to the beginning of the 19th century.

Maritime consulate of the Dubrovnik Republic

Cancellaria Capetanatus de Zaptat (Chancellery of the captaincy in Cavtat)

  • HR-DADU-72
  • Fonds
  • 1690-1695, 1625-1626

There are no references to Jews in the fonds.
The fonds consists of registers of the Chancellery of the captaincy in Cavtat from the 17th century. The registers mainly consist of so-called documents for various purposes, among which there are primarily written texts of public proclamations, notices, evidentiary proceedings for court investigations and judgments.

Chancellery of the captaincy in Cavtat

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