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Apolitiae (Monetary transfers)

The series consists of books that comprise the period from the middle of the 16th century to the beginning of the 19th century, and is entitled Polizze Ordinarie, while Polizze Extraordinarie are also recorded a tergo. The content of the series primarily deals with the registration of various monetary transfers, i.e., payment of salaries, advances of salaries, and seemingly, also loans to all state employees of the Dubrovnik Republic, to church officials and to certain institutions such as the hospital Domus Christi and monasteries. All series of the fonds Apolitiae have not beenresearched at all so far, and thus their content is difficult to connect to other fonds and at this moment it is only possible to connect the content of this series with the series Strapazzo delle Polizze (HR-DADU-45.2). Each entry in this series contains a certain number, and a more detailed description of a specific monetary transfer can be found under this number in the series Strapazzo delle Polizze.

The reimbursement of a four-months' salary to a state surgeon Abraham in 1589 is probably the only reference to Jewish people in this series (vol. 6, f. 118).

Apolitiae onerum; Polizze di caricho (Bills of lading)

There is no reference to any Jew in the series.
The series consists of only one volume in which bills of lading are bound. The receipts are in a printed form with the following information: date of loading the goods on the ship, names of traders to whom the goods belonged, type of goods, name of the ship's captain, type and name of the ship, destination of the ship and names of traders who would receive the goods.

Apolitiae salinariae (Monetary transfers for the purchase of salt)

The series consists of only one book with recorded entries of payments for the purchase of salt for the needs of the Dubrovnik Republic between 1799 and 1808. The book is entitled Giornale delle Polizze dell'Officio sopra la distributione de 'sali per lo stato 1799.

The book is important for the research of the involvement of Dubrovnik Jews in the salt trade during the times of the Republic. The book provides evidence that certain members of some Dubrovnik Jewish families such as Ambonetti, Cittanova, Costantini, Janni, Levi, Levi Mandolfo, Maestro, Pardo, Penso, Russi, Valenzin, Venturra, Vitali, Terni, Tolentino were involved in this trade.

Appellationes (Appeals to the Minor Council and the Senate)

  • HR-DADU-28
  • Fonds
  • 15th century - 18th century

The fonds contains appeals submitted to the Senate and the Minor Council. According to the data available in volumes 2, 3 and 5, the fonds contains data on appeals accepted by the Senate or the Minor Council. The judgments appealed were mainly in the field of civil law. Other volumes contain very brief information: the date of the decision of the Minor Council or the Senate, the names of the parties in the dispute to whose judgment has been appealed, and the names of judges (consuls) and other civil officials, such as customs officers, who issued the judgment on appeal. The volumes cover the period from the 40s till the 60s of the 15th centuries and from the mid-16th century to the 30s of the 18th century.

There is only a small number of Jews referenced in this fonds. These are mostly members of Jewish families permanently residing in Dubrovnik, such as Abendana, Abuaf, Altarac, Ambonetti, Cabiglio, Cohen, Cohen Camargo, Costantini, Danon, Esperiel, Ferro, Franco, Levi, Luzzena, Maestro, Nahmias, Oef, Pappo, Pardo (i.e., vol. 7, ff. 3v). No further details of verdicts and appeals that were submitted were recorded.

Office of the Secretary of the Dubrovnik Republic

Aptai de misericordia; Aptagi de misericordia (Promissory notes of mercy)

Aptai de misericordia is a very interesting institution of law that is specific to the Dubrovnik Republic. References to Aptai can already be found in 1272, in the Dubrovnik Statute. The term itself stands for a specific tribunal fee collected by the Rector. Later, the meaning of the term itself changed and aptai started to indicate a civil court proceeding in which that fee had to be paid. Finally, in the second half of the 14th century, the term aptai started to stand for a mode or process that was used to ensure the fulfilment of the debtor's obligation. That obligation was made, i.e., signed in the Chancellery, and it became official after the expiration of the deadline entered in the document. Based on the evidence, it is therefore clear that the entries in the books of the Aptai de misericordia had the power of a judgment and that there was no need to pursue further legal action against the debtor. The entries contain the following information: name and surname of the donor of the charity promissory note, name and surname of the recipient of the charity promissory note, and payment deadline. Valuable items nominated by the borrower to be mortgaged were also sometimes indicated, together with the details of instalment payments. In the margin, along with singular entries, data on debt repayment, were specified. Most of the records in this series follow this model: Jacobus d'Abram Pardo hebreus dedit aptaii de misericordia supra Vitum Michaelis, Andream Pasqualis Vuchotich, et Demetrium Mihailovich calceolarius presentibus simul et in solidum de ducati sexaquinta de g. totius summae (vol. 4, f. 14).

The series gives relevant data for the research of credit transactions of Dubrovnik Jews, who mostly are referenced in the documents of the series as donors, or providers of charity. All the Jews referenced to in this series were permanent residents of Dubrovnik. The first references to their names in the documents date to the end of the 16th century, and many more Jewish names can be found in the documents since the middle of the 17th century. The names of some members of Jewish families such as Abeatar, Abenun, Amadio, Azubi, Coen, Danon, Franco, Israel, Maestro, Oef (Ohev) and Tobi were recorded. Some of them very often cited as creditors, or those who lent money, and the names of Solomon Maestro, and a well-known Dubrovnik merchant Raphael Coen especially stand out among those names. Other Jews that should also be pointed out for their importance are two brothers: Jacob Coen de Herrera (Martin de Marchena), a brother of a famous Jew Abraham Coen de Herrera (Allonso Nuñes de Herrera). The records show also references to other Jewish people of that time, such as: Ambonetti, Ascoli, Asser, Baraffael, Bueno, Cagli, Campos, Coen, Costantini, Forte, Gaon, Levi, Levi Mandolfo, Luzzena, Maestro, Nachas, Navarro, Pappo, Pardo, Russi, Saralvo, Terni, Tolentino, Valenzin, Vitali.

Aptai di misericordia Breni (Promissory notes of charity registered at the Chancellery in the territory of Župa dubrovačka)

There are no references to Jewish people in the series.
The series contains various promissory notes of charity registered at the Chancellery in the territory of Župa dubrovačka between the middle of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century.

Aptai di misericordia de Lagosta (Promissory notes of charity registered at the Chancellery of the Autonomous Commune on the island of Lastovo)

There are no references to Jewish people in the series.
The series contains promissory notes of charity made by the inhabitants of the island of Lastovo from the beginning of the 17th century to the middle of the 18th century.

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